Pro-Biotic Division


Probiotics are classically defined as living microbial preparations that when administered to an animal, colonize the animal’s intestinal tract and impact the animal’s health in a favorable manner. The use of this term is frequently misused in aquaculture and in fact, an analysis of the literature (gray and peer reviewed) suggests that the term may be largely meaningless. There are very few reproducible accounts of bacterial attachment in a consistent manner to the intestinal wall of fish or shrimp that can actually be shown to preclude the attachment of pathogenic bacteria to these same sites. Those scientists who have spent the most time in this field are of the opinion that many of the effects attributed to the application of the various bacterial preparations that have been looked at are in fact simply stimulation of the innate or non-specific immune system, an indirect effect. This would not require living cells. Some years back an early researcher in this field coined the term probiotic for use in aquaculture in an effort to sell a product and make it appear distinctive from what it really was, a microbial tool for bio-remediation.

RLS- Bifidobacterium breve ss. Breve

B. breve strains were originally isolated from the feces of human infants. In 1971, Bifidobacterium parvulorum and Bifidobacterium brevewere merged under the name Bifidobacterium breve.[3] Bifidobacterim breve administered in combination with prebiotics or other probiotics and standard therapy has showed some beneficial effect. B. breve is a constituent in the therapeutic, nutritional treatment VSL#3. This proprietary, standardized, formulation of live bacteria is used to treat ulcerative colitis and may require a prescription.

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RLS- Bifidobacterium infanis ss. Infantis

Bifidobacterium infantis (B. infantis) is a “friendly” strain of bacteria. It's a type of lactic acid bacteria found in the same group as Lactobacillus. It's naturally found in your oral cavity and gastrointestinal (GI) tract. It helps you maintain a healthy digestive tract.

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RLS- Bifidobacterium longum

Bifidobacterium longum is a Gram-positive, catalase-negative, rod-shaped bacterium present in the human gastrointestinal tract and one of the 32 species that belong to the genus Bifidobacterium. It is a microaerotolerant anaerobe and considered to be one of the earliest colonizers of the gastrointestinal tract of infants. When grown on general anaerobic medium, B. longum forms white, glossy colonies with a convex shape. While B. longum is not significantly present in the adult gastrointestinal tract, it is considered part of the gut micro biota and its production of lactic acid is believed to prevent growth of pathogenic organisms. B. Longum is non-pathogenic and is often added to food products

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RLS- Entero coccum faecalis TH10

Enterococcus faecalis is a gram-positive bacterium that can cause a variety of nosocomial infections of which urinary tract infections are the most common. These infections can be exceptionally difficult to treat because of drug resistance of many E. faecalis isolates.

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RLS- Lactobacillus acidophilus

Lactobacillus acidophilus (New Latin 'acid-loving milk-bacillus') is a species of gram positive bacteria in the genus Lactobacillus. L. acidophilus is a homofermentative, microaerophilic species, fermenting sugars into lactic acid, and grows readily at rather low pH values (below pH 5.0) and has an optimum growth temperature of around 37 °C (99 °F). L. acidophilus occurs naturally in the human and animal gastrointestinal tract and mouth. Some strains of L. acidophilus may be considered to have probiotic characteristics. These strains are commercially used in many dairy products, sometimes together with Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus in the production of acidophilus-type yogurt, or acidophiline. Its genome has been sequenced.

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RLS- Lactobacillus bulgaricus

Lactobacillus bulgaricus, or L. bulgaricus, is a bacteria that normally resides in your intestinal tract. Considered a “good” or “friendly” type of bacteria, it prevents harmful bacteria from growing. It is also found in food products such as Swiss cheese and yogurt. L. bulgaricus stimulates the growth of other beneficial bacteria, and thus serves as a culture starter in yogurt and probiotic manufacturing. Probiotics are commonly used to treat digestive problems.

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RLS- Lactobacillus casei ss. Casei

Lactobacillus casei is a species of genus Lactobacillus found in the human urinary tract and mouth. This particular species of Lactobacillus is documented to have a wide pH and temperature range, and complements the growth of L. acidophilus, a producer of the enzyme amylase (a carbohydrate-digesting enzyme).

Other bioproducts at various stages of development

Probiotics Standard probiotic cultures for aquatic environment
Nitrosomonas For maintaining the aquatic environments clean
Decomposers For the biodegradation of diverse organic wastes sludge etc. in the aquatic bodies

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